Beautiful Brutalist buildings

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Centro de Exposicoes, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. (Fran Parente)

Contradiction in terms? Not to architecture critic Jonathan Glancey; still less, one must assume, to Peter Chadwick, who has devoted an entire book, This Brutal World, from which Glancey has selected his favorites in “Ten beautiful Brutalist buildings” for the BBC. For chiefly rhetorical reasons, Brutalism is my favorite modernist subgenre – its name comes from béton brut, which is French for raw or rough concrete but means much more in the real world where people make mental connections, usually based on their obvious first impressions. For that reason, I commend Chadwick for the title of his book.

I had a tough time choosing the photo atop this post. I chose the one whose thumb stuck out most sorely as an example of Brutalism – stuck out because although the other nine are ugly in and of themselves, this one seems to be the dictionary definition of what people might mean when they speak of a modernist building as “an alien spaceship.” Of course, the text accompanying the image of the 1974 exhibition center in Brazil pretends not to notice that it looks like an alien spaceship. I think that is hilarious, but perhaps by 1974 modernists had completely lost the ability to imagine what everyday people think of their work. (I would not want to be the guy under the overhang getting into his car.)

Glancey’s selection is fascinating. The one above the alien spaceship is London’s Trellick Tower, a 31-story hulk built in 1972 and designed by the Hungarian emigré Ernö Goldfinger. Glancey does mention that Goldfinger “lent his name” to a James Bond villain – an interesting choice of words – but not that the reason was that Ian Fleming chose the name to express what is widely believed to be his deep dislike for Goldfinger’s work.

Farther down there is the Hemeroscopium House, in Madrid, that seems to be a study in I-beams and girders writ large. This certainly cannot be defended as an example of a modernist building designed to express its structural philosophy. It was built recently, in 2008, long after most modernists had dropped any pretense to “honesty” in design. (It was a ridiculous pretense, anyway. One would like to think dropping it constituted a shift toward reason if not beauty in design. Not likely.)

Boston City Hall, which the last mayor wanted to demolish but wimped out, is on the list, naturally, and so is the Orange County Municipal Center, in Goshen, N.Y., whose citizens wanted to demolish but only partly got their wish – enough, however, that modernists and preservationists abed with modernists boo-hoo’d loudly around the world. I wonder why a building that no longer exists in its pristine form (if you can call it that) got on the list.

Hats off to Kristen Richards for putting this romp on ArchNewsNow.com, her vital global roundup of architecture news and views (in English).

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Hemeroscopium House, Madrid. (Roland Halbe)

About David Brussat

For a living, I edit the writing of some of the nation's leading architects, urbanists and design theorists. This blog was begun in 2009 as a feature of the Providence Journal, where I was on the editorial board and wrote a weekly column of architecture criticism for three decades. Architecture Here and There fights the style wars for classical architecture and against modern architecture, no holds barred. My freelance writing and editing on that topic and others addresses issues of design and culture locally and globally. I am a fellow of the Royal Society of the Arts, and a member of the board of the New England chapter of the Institute of Classical Architecture & Art, which bestowed an Arthur Ross Award on me in 2002. I work from Providence, R.I., where I live with my wife Victoria, my son Billy and our cat Gato. If you would like to invest your prose with even more style and clarity, please email me at my consultancy, dbrussat@gmail.com, or call 401.351.0457. Testimonial: "Your work is so wonderful - you now enter my mind and write what I would have written." - Nikos Salingaros, mathematician at the University of Texas, architectural theorist and author of many books.
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3 Responses to Beautiful Brutalist buildings

  1. If it were not so sad it would be funny (I tried).

    Like

  2. Eric Daum says:

    Beauty is in the eye of the charlatan, evidently. What a Godawful collection of blight inducing concrete cynicism.

    Like

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