Is that moss on the roof?


St. Peters Seminary, near Glasgow in Scotland. (Alamy)

Above is an aerial photo of what some consider Scotland’s most significant modernist building. Is that moss on the roof? What’s left after water seeped (or gushed) in, sparking problems that led to the almost obligatory debate between owner and architect over who to blame for the building’s flaws?

One flaw is that from above it looks like a discarded engine housing that has been sitting in the woods for two decades, gathering whatever stuff tends to gather on things left in the woods.

Well, look at it! It is the St. Peter’s Kilmahew Seminary, near Glasgow. Malcolm Millais sent me the photo, no doubt to lift my spirits. I looked for the photo on Google and found that it linked to a year-old story in The Guardian by Rowan Moore, “A Second Coming for Scotland’s Modernist Masterpiece?” Turns out that it was completed in 1966 but abandoned in 1980. One thing you can’t deny of Brutalism is its physical strength and staying power. (In 1989, dynamite failed to budge Hartford Park, a public-housing tower; actually it did budge, just a bit, and was called “The Leaning Tower of Providence” until it was taken down piece by piece.)

A year ago, Moore wrote approvingly of plans to resurrect the seminary as a venue for avant garde art installations, musical concerts and philosophical bloviation, and began his essay with a genuine bout of poetry, purring upon the subject of time and architecture:

There is no place like [St. Peter’s], on these islands, for the mutual battery of multiple forces, for the thumping, pummelling and attrition of creation and destruction, the incessant beating of weather, vandals and arson against rocks of obstinate architecture. It is like watching medieval knights club each other to death yet stay standing. It is a mud-wrestle of culture and nature.

Even old Brutalism can find itself partaking of a rough natural beauty if people will only refuse to maintain it, eventually abandon it, and leave it to the ravages of time. But I think Moore doth protest too hard. Classical architecture ages gently. Brutalism and other modern architecture that’s taken care of – frequently governmental because the government can force citizens to pay for upkeep – usually rusts, warps, molders, streaks, gathers “graffartistry” and generally enters decrepitude awkwardly, to say the least, rather than weathering with consummate grace as classical architecture does, with the beauty and dignity of natural aging, much like trees and people.

Civilization preserves the ruins of antiquity for aesthetic as well as historical reasons. Not so with Brutalism and other modern architecture, which requires rationalization, often patently ridiculous, in order to defend expenditures to renovate an old mod icon. Modernist ruins are never preserved, or worth preserving, as ruins. The very idea insults the word, which in this sense of its usage evokes the respectful patina of age.

But perhaps St. Peter’s is already being reused, probably to showcase more recent forms of ugliness. This may be appropriate but it is sad. It would be interesting to debate whether architects or planners are the most to blame for erecting a building like this “for making tender young men into priests,” as Moore put it. A church establishment interested less in the formation of priests and more in asserting its place on the cutting edge may be to blame. And also blame Scotland’s top civic leaders for not squelching the idea in its nest. No, of course planners and architects may shirk the lion’s share of the blame. They are the tools of policy developed at higher levels of society.

Here is a video made by Abandoned Scotland of the seminary. Just below is a lovely photograph of its ruined interior, which appears at


About David Brussat

This blog was begun in 2009 as a feature of the Providence Journal, where I was on the editorial board and wrote a weekly column of architecture criticism for three decades. Architecture Here and There fights the style wars for classical architecture and against modern architecture, no holds barred. History Press asked me to write and in August 2017 published my first book, "Lost Providence." I am now writing my second book. My freelance writing on architecture and other topics addresses issues of design and culture locally and globally. I am a member of the board of the New England chapter of the Institute of Classical Architecture & Art, which bestowed an Arthur Ross Award on me in 2002. I work from Providence, R.I., where I live with my wife Victoria, my son Billy and our cat Gato. If you would like to employ my writing and editing to improve your work, please email me at my consultancy,, or call 401.351.0457. Testimonial: "Your work is so wonderful - you now enter my mind and write what I would have written." - Nikos Salingaros, mathematician at the University of Texas, architectural theorist and author of many books.
This entry was posted in Architects, Architecture, Architecture Education, Architecture History, Art and design, Development, Video and tagged , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

6 Responses to Is that moss on the roof?

  1. shedguy says:

    Strangely reminiscent of the ruined Mayan ziggurats we saw in Belize…

    Ruinporn of the first rank. James Bond should stage a cinematic shootout there.


  2. I visited La Tourette, the original Brutalist monastery by Le Corbusier, in 1980, after Brutalism was no longer in style, and Po-Mo was coming in. I asked the monk who showed us around how he felt about the building, and he replied “like a fish in water”. Evidently, there weren’t enough fish in Scotland. I wouldn’t have wanted to spend a night there….


  3. sesli sohbet ve sesli Chat sitelerin SEO hizmetlerine yârdim amacli kurulmus olan calisma grup ozel seo hizmetler. says:

    sesli sohbet seo , güzel bir içerik makale paylaşımı olmuş başarılar.


  4. Stephen ORourke says:

    Still picking on Hartford Park! This photo is unbelievable. Abandoned after a short existence. Reminds me more of Pruitt-Igoe in St. Louis.


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.