Dodge the I-195 fooddoggle

Proposed food pavilion would sit in red circle (on map) west of the pedestrian bridge. (Journal)

Yesterday’s Sunday Journal describes the growing dispute between Providence restaurants and the I-195 Redevelopment District Commission, which wants to use state money to finance a food pavilion in the park at the west end of the Van Leesten Memorial Pedestrian Bridge. Restaurateurs oppose using public money to undercut their businesses with a food boondoggle – or fooddoggle.

So far, nobody has any idea what it would look like, but given the commission’s track record, the prospect does not delight the eye.

Investigative reporter Jim Hummel’s report reveals that many local restaurant owners within blocks of the proposed pavilion were never consulted, that funds for the project silently moved through a largely closed budget process, that the 2019 bond did not mention a year-round, sit-down, brick-and-mortar facility, that little or no thought has been given to parking in an area already saturated, that examples of other food pavilions in other cities given by the commission’s director, Caroline Skuncik – New York, Brooklyn, Philadelphia, Newark, Detroit – are much larger and have many thousands of nearby residents and tourists on foot, and that the proposal in Providence has all the earmarks of a boondoggled designed to help insiders rip off the public’s money.

Bob Burke, owner of Pot au Feu, told the Journal:

No one would put their private money into this. This is only an insider deal, that if the state will pay for the building … and somebody gets to come in and fail with the state’s money, it’s other people’s money, And they’re more than happy to take the money and take the gamble, because it’s not really a gamble is it?

Well, maybe it is or maybe it’s on the up-and-up. But even so, that does not make it necessarily the best idea for park infrastructure. Whatever its potential for success, its unfairness is manifest. The commission should think outside the box – which I normally hesitate to recommend, but the current proposal seems totally inside-the-box. Here are a couple of ideas:

A better idea for bringing food and drink to the site might be the “taverna” system popular in Greece and offered by Pawtucket designer Morris Nathanson back when Waterplace Park was new. His idea was not taken up. He described the taverna process to me over lunch at a Pawtucket restaurant (Morris Nathanson is a world-famous designer of restaurant interiors). I described his idea in an April 27, 1995, Journal column called “What to do at Waterplace” (reprinted in a later blog post): Here is the taverna idea:

an established restaurant or hotel sponsors an underused space a block or a mile away, and finds, say, a young fellow who will sell its food and drink to as many passersby as he can attract to tables, often under umbrellas, provided by the establishment. The fellow profits if he can, the establishment gets free advertising, and the city gets additional street vitality, cost-free. And visitors are charmed by the sight of waiters porting meals along the streets.

It could be under umbrellas, or it could be in a brick and mortar facility built by the state – only in this case it would not undercut local entrepreneurs but enable them to serve more customers. No restaurateur would get “free” space from the state. Nathanson thought the city should try this idea at Waterplace, and in fact it still could do so.

Another perhaps an even farther out-of-the-box idea would be to revive the 2015 proposal for a minor-league stadium on the Providence riverfront. Although it crashed and burned after being proposed by PawSox lead owner, the late James Skeffington, who died suddenly during negotiations with the state, the proposal made much more sense than people recognized at the time. It makes just as much sense today, especially as the Pawtucket soccer proposed seems to be fading beyond the horizon. After all, there are many more baseball games than soccer matches in a season.

The commission would have to move the Fane tower proposal to another parcel within the redevelopment district – but this is a feature rather than a bug. That eyesore should be moved back toward I-95 anyhow. (Ditto whatever has been proposed, if anything, for parcels 14 and 15.) As proposed in 2015, a traditional retro ballpark could be built in Innovation Park, on which the tower would encroach. The waterfront already has an abundance of green space. Attendees at games could park for free downriver and ferry to the stadium for free on the state (or city) dime. Sounds like fun!

Bringing in an amenity that would attract new customers downtown rather than competing with existing restaurants struggling to emerge from the pandemic makes sense. Still, it would require a bold and farsighted leader to push the plan here in Rhode Island. And a minor-league ball club would need to step up to replace the (long gone) PawSox – though for nostalgia’s sake maybe a new team could retain that name. With the old PawSox now the WooSox in Worcester, I don’t know whether finding another team is feasible under baseball’s rules.

In any event, the taverna system could bring meals and drinks to the stadium and its surroundings as well, or merely to the existing park.

Well, those are a couple of outta-the-boxers. Rhode Islanders should try them on for size.

A minor-league ballfield, as proposed in 2015, would fit into Innovation Park. (PBN)

About David Brussat

This blog was begun in 2009 as a feature of the Providence Journal, where I was on the editorial board and wrote a weekly column of architecture criticism for three decades. Architecture Here and There fights the style wars for classical architecture and against modern architecture, no holds barred. History Press asked me to write and in August 2017 published my first book, "Lost Providence." I am now writing my second book. My freelance writing on architecture and other topics addresses issues of design and culture locally and globally. I am a member of the board of the New England chapter of the Institute of Classical Architecture & Art, which bestowed an Arthur Ross Award on me in 2002. I work from Providence, R.I., where I live with my wife Victoria, my son Billy and our cat Gato. If you would like to employ my writing and editing to improve your work, please email me at my consultancy,, or call 401.351.0457. Testimonial: "Your work is so wonderful - you now enter my mind and write what I would have written." - Nikos Salingaros, mathematician at the University of Texas, architectural theorist and author of many books.
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12 Responses to Dodge the I-195 fooddoggle

  1. The Fane tower is not built yet, Steve. Its parcel could be revised. How tall is the tallest building in Worcester?


    • Steve says:

      The Hope Point tower will surely be built.

      Worcester? It’s tallest building is 290 feet, but that city is no where near in Providence’s class. The big metros in New England are Boston and Providence.


  2. Mark Johnson says:


    I’m a neighborhood resident, and I was at the community meetings for the pavilion and there’s a lot of misinformation here. There’s no space giveaway: restaurants would have to fit out their own spaces and pay market-rate rent, which then goes toward park operations. They also reached out to dozens of area restaurants and got a lot of support (not sure why that’s not in the Hummel article). Also, the architect (ARO) is a world-class award-winning architecture firm. As an architecture critic I would have thought that would interest you.

    Mostly importantly, however, is your stadium idea. It is a well-studied fact that stadiums are terrible investments for cities. They are empty 95% of the time and create urban dead zones. Could you imagine a stadium looming and empty at this critical location instead of a nice park?



    • Mark, the essential reality is that the state is providing land and a structure for newcomers to compete against existing restaurants. Whatever they may contribute to fitting out their space in that project, it is an improper use of state resources.

      As for the studies you cite against a potential riverfront ballpark, they all (I think) assume that breaking even or making a public profit is a necessary part of any deal. I think it is valid for the state to take a loss to acquire such a benefit to the public, although certainly the state should not accept an excessive loss baked into the details of the deal. In this case, the stadium wouldn’t be a “dead zone” because it wouldn’t be surrounded be acres of parking. The parking would be downstream along the Providence River. Neither would it be an especially large stadium. And the fact that the architect is a world-class, award-winning firm only increases the likelihood that the pavilion will be ugly, even more that it will not fit in, try to fit in, or even agree with the idea that it should fit into the city’s historical context.


  3. Steve says:

    Interesting commentary.

    What would your thoughts be regarding this “out of the box” idea?
    A performance stage so as to hold concerts (large and small), theater, comedy, etc; with attendees using the grass or their lawn chairs. In this way, local restaurants on either side of the park gain pre and/or post performance patrons.


    • The problem here could be that a performance stage would, in all likelihood, be an aesthetic abomination. That is apparently part of the deal with performance spaces on public land (not to mention all the others on private land).


  4. David Segal says:

    Unfortunately I think the WooSox and/or RedSox have veto power over official minor league teams here now.

    Though I’ve been trying to understand if this might change that.


  5. Anonymous says:

    Yeah! Move it to the other side of the Hurricane Barrier – in the water! Love the name of the Savannah Bananas! I think the stadium idea could work if a team could be found, maybe lower on the baseball food chain than the WooSox … Maybe collegiate baseball …


  6. Dianne Izzo says:

    David, there is more to baseball than Sox — see, for example, the summer collegiate league, locally featuring Newport Gulls and Ocean State Waves. See also, the Savannah Bananas! Who make baseball fun with their rule changes. Also, PS, how about moving the Fane thing to the other side of the hurricane barrier, lol!


    • Anonymous says:

      Yeah! Move it to the other side of the Hurricane Barrier – in the water! Love the name of the Savannah Bananas! I think the stadium idea could work if a team could be found, maybe lower on the baseball food chain than the WooSox … Maybe collegiate baseball …


      • Steve says:

        Come on…
        1 Nothing of the magnitude of the tower is moving.
        2 Providence is not going to be second to the horse town of


    • Steve says:

      The Hope Point tower is 4 blocks from the other towers in downtown, across the street from a corporate building, a hotel, and soon a transit center/residential building. Perfectly appropriate.


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